Speaking Activities for ESL, ESOL & TEFL Students


Speaking is the most important part of teaching English to kids, and speaking activities can be a huge help in the learning process. During speaking exercises, students are able to activate their vocabulary and practice what they have learned so far.

Therefore, it is crucial to organize ESOL speaking activities so that they are both fun and engaging, even if it can be a real challenge. ESL students do not always enjoy the speaking activities that much, because some students feel shy and awkward, especially when working with people they do not know. In this article, we will share some exciting ESL speaking activities that could break the ice and encourage the students to start speaking another language without being afraid of their mistakes.

ESL Conversational Games for Students

  1. Acquaintance Speaking Games

    This is especially appropriate for students who are learning English in a group and do not know each other yet. There are a plenty of quick and fun TEFL conversation games that let the students get to know each other, and practice the language at the same time. You can also do this one-on-one as a student-teacher game, but it’s more difficult to get the student to engage.

    One of such speaking games is as follows: the students stand up in a circle and the teacher tells them his or her name and an English word that begins with the same letter that is somewhat related to the teacher’s personality. For example, “Terry – teacher”.

    A student who is standing next to the teacher should repeat the teacher’s name, the word, and then say his or her own name with a word. For example, “Steve – student”. The next student should repeat the names and the words, i.e. “Terry – teacher”, “Steve – student”, and then again say his or her own name with a word, and so on. 

    This is an engaging way to introduce students to ESL conversation activities.

  2. Yes/No Speaking Activity

    During this ESL speaking activity, students work in pairs and interview each other by asking different biographical questions, the answers to which should not contain any “yes” or “no” words. This makes the game more conversational, as it takes away their go-to words for answering questions.

    You can also replace the “yes” and “no” words with other frequently used words, or ban more words to up the difficulty. The pairs are constantly changed based on the winners.

  3. Arguments Conversation Game

    This ESL conversation game is suitable for intermediate and upper-intermediate students. The students work in pairs, pretending to be journalists working for a magazine or newspaper. They need to choose one of three pictures for an article on a specific topic.

    Each student should choose a different picture and use arguments to support their choices. In the end, both students should reach a common conclusion. The arguments can also be discussed in the form of a debate.

  4. Letter Flashcards

    This game is suitable for kids or beginner ESOL students. The teacher holds up a letter flashcard, while the students should search the room to find a corresponding object that begins with that letter.

    It can also be played as a competition between two teams.

  5. “What’s Your Secret?” Conversation Game

    During this ESL conversation activity, the students write down different facts about themselves on pieces of paper. The teacher collects these papers, mixes them and reads each fact one-by-one, while the group of students guess which fact belongs to each student.

  6. Descriptive Drawing Games

    During the descriptive drawing ESL activities, the students also work in pairs, where one student gives instructions to another student to draw something. There are a lot of variations on this, but ultimately it’s up to you. 

    Be as creative as you want to be with your ESL activities.

  7. Guessing games

    During the guessing ESL conversation activities, the students try to guess the name of a famous person or celebrity by asking a series of yes/no questions. You can choose as many questions as you want or even allow students to ask for hints in the language they’re learning.

  8. Describing The Objects

    Each student picks up or brings an object to the class, describes it and answers the other students’ and teacher’s questions regarding the object. Think of it as ESOL show and tell. 

  9. Charades

    The teacher or one of the students secretly tells another student any word, and that person should explain the word to the class by using mimics and gestures. The other students will try to guess the world.

    The student who guesses the word correctly gets his or her own word and becomes the next explainer.

  10. Storytelling Games

    During the storytelling activities for ESL students, the teacher starts a story with one sentence and then each student should continue the story by adding their own sentences.

  11. Comics Descriptions

    The teacher gives the students comic strips with empty speech bubbles. The students work in pairs and try to figure out what the characters are saying based on the context of the scene.

  12. Spelling Bee

    The teacher gives a student a word and the student should spell this word correctly in English.

  13. Two Truths and A Lie

    A teacher or a student says three facts, one of which is a lie, and other students should guess this lie.

Of course, this list is not extensive and there are more ESL speaking activities for adults and kids. We hope that these TEFL conversation activities will help your students feel more comfortable in the class and enjoy the learning process.

If you’re a VIPKid teacher, most of these ESOL activities can be adapted for use in the digital classroom. It just may take a little bit of creativity.


  1. I love these ideas and use a variation of some of them in intermediate to upper level classes. The effectiveness really depends on the personality of the student hence variation. Thanks for the ideas